Cement tiles are handmade, with many colorful patterns, usually in square format.
They consist of three distinct layers. The surface layer, approximately 4 mm thick, consists of a mixture of colouring mineral pigments, ground marble powder and fine white Portland cement, which is poured into separate compartments in a metal mold according to chosen pattern. The wear resistance, colour and brightness rely on the quality of this layer.
The second layer is a mortar made of fine sand and high-quality grey portland cement. The mortar is applied as a base that reinforces the first layer. The bottom layer is a porous mixture of fine sand, gray cement and fine gravel, which gives the whole tile strength. Thick design top layer gives the tile long lifetime and durability, able to withstand decades of use.
Unlike ceramic tiles that are glazed on surface and then fired in a kiln, cement tiles are made by hydraulic press, so that the coloured pigment layer become one part with a lower layers. This process requires skill, practice, strength, and perfectionism. The final tile is 1,5 - 2 cm thick. The process continues by soaking in water to complete hydration process and followed by curing. After 3-4 weeks, tiles are ready for distribution.